The Geography of the Lake

Lake Skadar is the largest freshwater lake in the Balkans. On average, it is 44km long, 10km wide and 8 metres deep, and its border is shared by Albania and Montenegro. Its size is a result of a curious event that took place in 1848 when the river Drina in Albania changed its course, depositing a large quantity of gravel and sand into the  entrance of Bojana river. This caused the lake to raise up to 3 meters in height.

Yearly spring floods caused by the Morača river and a series of underwater springs cause change in its surface area from 370 sq km to 530 sq km. These floods bring nutrients and create an environment of abundance for many species of plants and animals.

Its located where the subtropical mediterranean zone meets the continental climate. Temperatures range from -10°C minimum to a maximum of 40.6° C, with the average temperature about 15° C. It gets 125 days of sun annually, and humidity ranges 64% to 80%. Temperatures get above 30°C about 50 days per year. Equally, there are about 50 days annually with thunderstorms.